Nanotechnology for manufacturing of Nano-Nutrients is Patented in USA. It can deliver nutrient into plants, and smart uptake by a non-mediated transport through the plasma membrane into the cell without making a polyol complex, without the need for any additional energy, and exhibits no phytotoxicity.
Plants require certain essential nutrients for normal functioning and growth.
Nutrient levels outside the amount required for normal functioning and growth may cause overall crop growth and health to decline due to either a deficiency or toxicity.
Nutrient deficiency occurs when an essential nutrient is not available in sufficient quantity to meet the requirements of a growing plant.
Toxicity occurs when a nutrient is in excess of plant needs and decreases plant growth or quality.
Plant nutrients are divided into two categories:
Macronutrients: which are consumed in larger quantities and may be present in plant tissue in quantities from about 0.2% to about 4.0% by dry matter weight. Macronutrients include carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen, sulfur, calcium, magnesium, and silicon.
Micronutrients: which are consumed in smaller quantities and may range from about 5 parts per million (ppm) to about 200 ppm or less than about 0.2% dry weight. Micronutrients include iron, molybdenum, boron, copper, manganese, sodium, zinc, nickel, chlorine, selenium, vanadium and cobalt.
How plants uptake Nutrients?
There are three fundamental ways plants uptake nutrients through the root:
Simple diffusion, where a non-polar molecule, such as, for example, O2, CO2, and NH3 that follow a concentration gradient, can passively move through the lipid bilayer membrane without the use of transport proteins;
Facilitated diffusion, where the rapid movement of solutes or ions following a concentration gradient is facilitated by transport proteins; and
Active transport, in which the active transport of ions or molecules against a concentration gradient requires an energy source, usually ATP, to pump the ions or molecules through the membrane.
The mobility of boron from outside the plant cell to inside the plant cell typically involves mediation by a boron polyol complex.
Polyol compounds, however, may not be present sufficiently or may be totally absent in higher plants. Thus, in most commercial field crops and horticultural crops (which lack polyol), boron's mobility is restricted and boron fertilization is limited.
Why is Boron important?
- Nano-Boron contains boron as nutrient for plant growth and quality of produce.
- Nano-Boron+ contains boron as nutrient for plant growth, quality of produce; and secondary plant metabolites which makes plant resistance against microbes and pests.
- It can deliver nutrient into plants, and smart uptake by a non-mediated transport through the plasma membrane into the cell without making a polyol complex, without the need for any additional energy, and exhibits no phytotoxicity.
- Compared to the conventional boric acid or Borax fertilizers, all of which are on the macro scale on the order of micrometers, the nano boron is on the order of nanometers.
- Other benefits includes increased boron content in plants resulting in increased chlorophyll content, number of leaves, total biomass, total yield, and lowered soluble and reducing sugars.
- Can be used alone or mixed with water or liquid fertilizer or other chemicals.
- Virtually any crop can be treated either by foliar, seed treatment, irrigation or drenching etc.